Tartu Lighthouse deployment: Tartu diagnosis and baseline report04 Jul 2018
The overall objective of workpackage “Tartu Lighthouse Deployment” is to develop the detailed planning and coordination, to set up the management structures and procedures and to implement construction works in the Tartu demo site according to the initial process layout.
This document develops an in-depth evaluation of Tartu at a city level, making use of the indicators system provided in Workpackage "Monitoring and Evaluation". The main outputs of this document are a comprehensive diagnosis of Tartu and the baseline evaluation framework to be used in the intervention. This diagnosis phase, including baseline calculation and city needs identification and prioritisation should be the first step of any intervention process. This document is divided in four parts describing main aspects of Tartu diagnosis and baseline definition.
- Chapter 4 delves on the diagnosis process definition, regarding activities, phases, agents, methods and tools, among others factors.
- Chapter 5 relies on indicators to describe and characterise Tartu performance regarding local conditions, energy supply and consumption, building stock and retrofitting needs, urban mobility, ICTs infrastructures and services, and citizen engagement.
- Chapter 6 identifies and prioritises city needs through SWOT analysis, defining the intervention area. This analysis will set the ground for the intervention baseline definition, which framework is presented on chapter 7.
- Finally, last chapters draw conclusions and outputs of this paper for other Workpackages.
Baseline inventory is a new concept for the communities in Central and Eastern European countries. Data about the activities is usually collected by the state but not so much by the municipalities. This centralised culture of collecting data and making the decisions is not suitable for engaging the local communities on developing their sustainable future. For SmartZeroCO2 cities to emerge, a routine of local practices is needed for assessing the potential for reducing the emission and increasing the smartness of urban life. Possibilities for the practical assessment in normal situation are understood better now after the development of this paper. Although the first impression is not truly positive, the potential for this type of assessment is considered to be very high in the future. To unlock the potential of comprehensive baseline analysis, specific barriers have to be overcome. First process of city diagnosis has been useful to understand the nature of these barriers in the future.
In Tartu characterisation process (Chapter 5) there are few missing indicators which were identified as mandatory. After reviewing the proposal for the three cities, those indicators were identified as relevant, but after a hard gathering and calculating process by TREA, some of them were unavailable. Main reasons were lack of data availability.
The task of baseline study has been very useful to identify the potential barriers any city can face in the search, selection and calculation of indicators. This reflection will be a relevant output to include and develop in further generic urban regeneration strategies, even more bearing in mind the high environmental awareness of Tartu.
There are three types of barriers needed to overcome for setting up the city diagnosis routine:
- Institutional barriers related with how organisations are exchanging the ideas and information;
- Lack of data;
- Knowledge barriers related with how the institutions can use data and take advantage of the existing data domains.
In the process of city diagnosis in Tartu the most successful development was bringing together the different institutions for sharing information. This was possible because of the existing cooperation model created or supported by the SmartEnCity project. The effect of this was still limited by the lack of correlating data and lack of knowledge for using the existing sources of the data in new SZCO2 context. For the future developments both should be provided - better data (trough studies) and better knowledge (through training).
For more comprehensive analyses it is suggested for the stakeholders to improve the amount and the quality of the key information related with sustainability assessments. This list of the essential studies required for evaluating the sustainability of the city of Tartu includes the following (but this is no means a final list):
- Energy Balance and flow chart (Sankey diagram or similar) of all the major types of energy carriers;
- Detailed description and overview of the existing technical infrastructure: electricity, district heating, natural gas, water and waste water systems, communication and ICT systems etc;
- Regular analysis of modality and mobility, including usage of active modes of transportation, number of bicycles etc;
- Detailed overview of ICT infrastructure in Tartu including assessment of the ICT capacity in municipality.
Find full paper here.
Contact: Tartu Regional Energy Agency, Marek Muiste, marek.muiste(at)trea.ee